A Heart attack – 15 Important Questions about Heart Attack

a Heart Attack
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A heart attack in most cases is caused by blockage of a coronary artery – a blood vessel, providing the heart with oxygenated and nutrient blood.

1. What causes a heart attack?

A heart attack is usually caused by obstruction is of a thrombus (blood clot) on or broken plate. The plaque itself is formed generally in a previous period of time when it was asymptomatic and not cause transient chest pain – angina. Angina (angina pectoris) is an expression of complete occlusion of the coronary arteries, leading to temporary or partial failure of blood supply to the heart.

2. What causes the formation of atherosclerotic plaques?

Main factors are the level of fat and cholesterol, high blood pressure, immune status, smoking, toxic substances in the blood and many others. As a result, all of which are fatty substances deposited in the vessel wall.

3. What is the role of aspirin in myocardial infarction?

Aspirin reduces the incidence of coronary thrombosis and is particularly suitable for the prevention of myocardial infarction in unstable angina. Aspirin is particularly effective when administered at the beginning of chest pain. It reduces the incidence of reinfarction in patients who already experienced a myocardial infarction. It plays a key role in the treatment and prevention of disease.

4. Why heart attack usually occurs in the early morning?

This fact is associated with morning sympathetic activation of the autonomic nervous system. This part of the nervous system activates the body during stress, increased blood pressure, heart rate quickens, accelerating the clotting process – ie prepares the body for vigorous action and possible damage. These changes take place in the body and awakening.

5. Which drugs reduce the occurrence of morning myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death?

Beta-blockers are the drugs which reduce the risk of heart attack.

6. What are the symptoms pointing to the diagnosis of myocardial infarction?

The first and main symptom is chest pain. Unfortunately for doctors, however, a pain in the “heart area” may lead at least 20 different reasons, the vast majority of benign and unimposing medical treatment, especially of urgency. We should remember – the onset of chest pain of unknown origin to seek medical advice.

A heart attack is an important issue and the more we know about it, the less the risk of it.

7. What are the characteristics of a heart attack?

– Usually lasts more than 20 minutes and often lasts for hours.

Pain in the attack; however, continue around 15 minutes and very rarely a few minutes. In patients with diabetes and coronary heart diseases and adults can even occur without pain. Usually, it is centrally located behind the breastbone. Pain is tightening, clamping, no-like chest discomfort. You can go to the left shoulder and arm to the neck to the upper abdomen or back.

8. What other symptoms accompany the heartache?

A feeling of shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, cold pale skin, feeling cold, shivering without fever, dizziness, vertigo, blackout before the eyes, fainting, sudden drop in blood pressure and / or a decrease in heart rate below 60 / min, with half the observed increase in heart rate to 110-120/min. and increased blood pressure symptoms of hypertension, usually accompanied by strong feelings of fear and anxiety.

9. What should we do when suspect myocardial infarction?

  • Ensure bed rest, and if the state shall be accompanied with a sense of lack of air to raise the upper body with pillows and other handy tools if necessary to a sitting position.
  • Provide fresh air and unhooked all clamping body clothes.
  • Give the patient an aspirin tablet
  • Cal 911
  • The ability to measure blood pressure and pulse.
  • If there have been previous similar crises, to ask how they are solved and give similar drugs – patients usually wear them in yourself.
  • To provide a calming tablet preparation – relanium, leksotan.
  • If the doctor does not come within half an hour and the condition deteriorates to provide own transportation to the hospital. A person with a suspected acute myocardial infarction should be transferred or, failing that, to be supported to accommodate him in the car.

A heart attack may be prevented or may not cause serious damages if treated on time and properly.

10. What happens if treatment of heart attack is successful?

– Around the 14th or 21st day patients feel good. At discharge, the patient will receive their prescription drug. Drug therapy is a necessary factor for full recovery.

In first place in almost all medical guidelines as a therapeutic agent number one is referred to CHANGE lifestyle! Immediately after discharge from the hospital, you should begin physical rehabilitation. After the second week of discharge is a good 1-2 times a day to climb stairs. After 6 weeks you can start to run or swim. Specialists strongly recommend stopping smoking for good.

11. What changes in eating habits are needed?

They are especially important. The use of salt should be minimized and the use of sausages. You should restrict the use of milk, oils and dairy products. Milk is highly inappropriate in this case food. You have to eat fruits and vegetables, lean beef, chicken in moderation and best – fish.

12. Is alcohol forbidden?

Moderate amounts of alcohol are even useful for your heart. Reduce stress levels, slightly decreased blood pressure, improve urine flow. Studies on large numbers of people showed an improvement in survival in patients taking 30 grams of pure alcohol per day.

13. What about coffee?

No major studies show damage of coffee. It activates the body and increases the heart. The most reasonable solution is to limit the amount the amount to 2 coffees a day.

14. How about sex life?

Sex is a wonderful thing to achieve peace and unloading of stress. With the exception of extremely complicated cases, you can practice sex around the second week after discharge. And the first time – no sports performances! The experience of myocardial infarction does not make you impotent; lack of sex for a few weeks will not make you one.

15. When the patient can return to work?

This is a complex issue. The best option is to start active work after a 3-6 month rest period. Take your time. But full withdrawal from employment is not the right decision.

See Which Fruits and Vegetables Are Best for Your Heart!

fruits good for your heart

Orange fruits and vegetables contain specific antioxidants that are beneficial to cardiovascular health, U.S. researchers found.

Orange fruits and vegetables have a lot of benefits for health.

The amount of free radicals in the blood increases when we consume food. If this happens for an extended period of time increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, if after eating you consume orange fruit or vegetable, thanks to its containing of antioxidants the body for several hours is being protected from free radicals.

American researchers indicated several combinations of antioxidants, which act best. These are the flavonoids and hesperidin, as contained in oranges, grapefruit and many others in orange fruits and vegetables.

Which are the healthiest orange fruits and vegetables?

Orange fruits and vegetables have a lot of beta-carotene, a form of vitamin A, which is great for vision and for fighting with free radicals. Beta-carotene gives orange color.

Papaya, carrots, squash, pumpkin, and oranges are the healthiest fruits and vegetables with orange color.

Digestive enzymes in papaya help some foods to break down easily – meat, dairy products, and beans. The fruit has much fiber and is good when suffering from constipation. Juice from papaya is a very effective way to fight nausea –morning sickness or motion one.

Carrots are one of the richest sources of beta-carotene. They are good for vision, heart and lower cholesterol, prevent macular degeneration and help control levels of insulin when suffering from diabetes. You can cook carrots the way you want without worrying that they will lose their healthy nutrient. Heat actually helps to release beta-carotene.

Oranges are full of antioxidants and vitamins and minerals help for bronchitis, asthma, kidney stones, pneumonia, diabetes, and arthritis. Also helps for a runny nose if you eat them in larger quantities.

Pumpkin and squash are also full of beta-carotene and are a valuable way to fight with cancer, especially lung cancer and lower risk of diabetes, also support the function of kidneys and urinary tract.

Which Sports are Good for Heart Health?

cardio training

The heart loves cardio exercises as they help it to be healthy and function properly.

The heart needs adequate care to be healthy and sport is part of the care.

One of the most beneficial for the heart is cardio exercise. These include stretching, aerobics, swimming, jogging.

Experts advise training in the morning before breakfast, since then the levels of blood glucose levels are lowest. This is because at night that our muscles use fat from the body to allow glucose to be maintained for proper brain function. It is better to warm up your body before you start training. It has a long stretch, to breathe properly.

One of the easiest and effective ways of the cardio train is jogging in the park. This will allow you to form muscle and lose excess weight and keep your heart healthy. According to surveys, only a minute moderate running burns 11 calories. It is recommended that while running, to make small steps and not tired.

It is important if you are engaged in running before, to prepare a proper plan of action. Early start with a workout of 15 minutes, and then increase the load. Not doing too much heart and body, and when you feel tired, stop running.

Another suitable sport is swimming. It exercises all muscle groups in the human body and is extremely useful for overweight people.

Cycling also belongs to cardio good for the heart. If you do not have the opportunity, time and place to ride a bike, you can safely replace it with an exercise bike at home. This is one of the most popular cardio equipment to lose weight, it allows shaping the hips and keeping fit. The device simulates riding a real bike; it can adjust the difficulty of loading the pedals.

There are a lot of other sports which are good for your heart. You can choose the one you like the most, delivers you the most pleasure. You can consult with a professional instructor who can guide you to aerobics, tae bo and others heart healthy sports.

Michael Richardson

Michael Richardson

I am a nutritionist and healthcare practitioner with over 10 years of experience. I am a medical article writer, blog writer. My passion is to help people. My favorite quote is:  “Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.” ― Hippocrates

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