Special Tissues

Special Tissues

Muscle and nerve are both excitable tissues specialized for specific functions. The types and physiology of muscle has been covered in detail elsewhere. Blood can be thought of as a specialized connective tissue with cells embedded in a fluid extracellular matrix containing soluble fibrillar proteins. Therefore, here we discuss the basic features of nervous tissue and blood. Read more about Special Tissues[…]

heart rate

Circulatory system or cardiovascular system

Blood Pressure Systolic pressure refers to the pressure in the arterial system at its highest and diastolic pressure refers to the lowest pressure. Blood pressure is normally measured at the brachial artery with a sphygmomanometer (pressure cuff) in mm of Hg and given as systolic over diastolic pressure. Normal pressure is said to be 120/70 Read more about Circulatory system or cardiovascular system[…]

Common Bacterial or Viral Infections

Common Bacterial or Viral Infections

Meningitis Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges — a membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be either bacterial or viral. Bacterial meningitis is usually caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Neisseria meningitidis, or Haemophilus influenzae. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can include sudden onset of fever, headache, neck pain or stiffness, painful sensitivity Read more about Common Bacterial or Viral Infections[…]

Gastrointestinal System

The gastrointestinal (GI) system is a complex system for processing food, extracting nutrients and passing wastes. The alimentary canal begins in the mouth and ends at the anus. The processes chewing, swallowing, digestion, absorption, defecation are controlled by autonomic, nervous and hormonal mechanisms. Digestive glands act to provide moisture, lubrication, emulsification and enzymes for digestion Read more about Gastrointestinal System[…]

Vascular Disease

Hypertension Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is usually a lifelong disease that causes very few symptoms until it is very advanced. Diagnosis and assessment consists of measuring recumbent, sitting, and standing blood pressures. Repeated, reproducible measurements of elevated blood pressures are indicative of hypertension. Levels that are considered hypertensive are related to age. Borderline hypertension Read more about Vascular Disease[…]

coca cola cancer

Colon cancer symptoms and risk factors

The large intestine is also known as the colon. It begins at the end of the ileum and extends to the anus, about 59 inches long in the adult. The large intestine is divided into the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon. The colon is responsible for mixing of the contents, reabsorption of water, and Read more about Colon cancer symptoms and risk factors[…]

weight loss plan

Diets weight loss for beginners

In general, nutritious diets should contain a variety of foods while making an effort to shift from fatty foods to more carbohydrates, from simple to complex carbohydrates, from saturated to unsaturated fats and reduce total energy intakes to achieve an optimum weight. Cholesterol and salt intakes should be limted while fiber, fresh fruit and vegetable Read more about Diets weight loss for beginners[…]